Not only do you clearly establish what you intend to accomplish in your research, but you should also include a declaration of what the study does not intend to cover. Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature.
Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections. Structure and Writing Style I.
Bibliography Definition A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Here is a sample literature review written by a librarian at American University Library. Government peer review policies The European Union has been using peer review in the "Open Method of Co-ordination" of policies in the fields of active labour market policy since Give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations, Trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates, Depending on the situation, evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant research, or Usually in the conclusion of a literature review, identify where gaps exist in how a problem has been researched to date.
Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline.
This will help focus the introduction on the topic at the appropriate level and ensures that you get to the subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general.
Does it forge a new path? Some questions to ask: This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. How will you further your research as a result of the review? These are general phases associated with writing an introduction: A good database for obtaining definitive definitions of concepts or terms is Credo Reference.
Blackwell Publishers, ; Torracro, Richard. It addresses any critical questions in the reader's mind of, "Why the hell didn't the author examine this? Sage, ; Sutton, Anthea. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research.
How are they organizing their ideas? The State of California is the only U. Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.
Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given and often narrowly defined field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue?
Identify a research niche by: What methods have they used to study the problem? When you write a research paper, you select sources which support your own argument. Choose an area of research that is due for a review.
While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.In a stand-alone literature review, this statement will sum up and evaluate the state of the art in this ﬁeld of research; in a review that is an introduction or preparatory to a thesis or research report, it will suggest how the review ﬁndings will lead to the research the writer proposes to undertake.
Writing a Literature Review Paper 1. Your first question when assigned a literature review paper may be “what is it?” A literature review paper synthesizes the key theories and results in a field of study. It describes, evaluates and critiques a large number of resources, then demonstrates how A good research topic focuses on a.
If a research problem requires a substantial exploration of the historical context, do this in the literature review section.
In your introduction, make note of this as part of the "roadmap" [see below] that you use to describe the organization of your paper. The Literature Review: A Research Journey This guide is an introduction to the basics of conducting a literature review in the social sciences, with a focus on education.
Table of Contents. Literature Review: Definition and Example A Literature Review is "a systematic, explicit, and reproducible method for identifying, evaluating, and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researchers, scholars, and practitioners.".
A literature review summarizes and synthesizes the existing scholarly research on a particular topic. Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original.Download